CBD & Hypertension
A silent disease
High blood pressure, is a rise in blood pressure, and a global public health problem. This long-disguised disease can cause severe complications that can lead to heart and stroke. The WHO indicates that each year hypertension kills 9 million people worldwide. Let's see together what behaviors to adopt to reduce the risks? And how to live with it.
What is high blood pressure ?
Blood pressure is the blood pressure in the arteries. The value considered normal is 120/80 :
- The number 120 is the maximum pressure when the heart contracts to push blood through the arteries.The 80 is the minimum pressure when the heart relaxes to refill itself with blood.
- Above 140/90, the patient is considered hypertensive, suffering from high blood pressure. The pressure inside his arteries is too high, causing them to age prematurely. The overstrained heart gradually becomes tired.
The World Health Organization (WHO), is concerned that an increasingly young population is being affected by high blood pressure. For example, it is not uncommon to see people in their 50s who are already hypertensive. In the 65-75 age group, 50 % of women and 30 % of men suffer from this disease. The causes are :
- A diet too rich in salt
- Overweight and Obesity
- A sedentary lifestyle
Symptoms of high blood pressure are quite subtle, when they are present, which is not always the case. The disease is mostly asymptotic. However, some disorders can be a red flag :
- Recurring headaches (especially when waking up)
- Chest pain
- Visual disturbances
If left untreated, high blood pressure can cause very serious complications in the heart and brain, as well as in organs such as the kidneys and eyes (retina) :
- Stroke (cerebrovascular accident)
- Myocardial infarction, angina pectoris
- Arteriopathy of the lower limbs
- Kidney damage
- Visual Achievements
The objective of the treatment will be to lower the patient's blood pressure, it is called antihypertensive treatment. But this treatment is not given as a first line treatment, because certain lifestyle measures can make a difference :
- A balanced diet, rich in vegetables and fruit, low in salt and animal fat.
- Adapted regular physical activity
- No tobacco and little alcohol.
If these measures have not been sufficient to lower blood pressure, then antihypertensive medication will be prescribed.
CBD and high blood pressure
Cannabis has been used since the dawn of time for its therapeutic virtues. If it is well known for its psychotropic effects, cannabis represents in fact a family of plants, of which the Indica Cannabis is a part, used for its high effect, because it is very rich in THC. Sativa Cannabis or industrial hemp, contains less than 0.2% THC, but is very rich in CBD. The CBD or cannabidiol belongs to the family of cannabinoids as well as THC. However, CBD has no psychotropic effect, which is why its consumption and sale is equal, unlike THC. CBD (cannabidiol) is usually offered as CBD oil to facilitate its consumption. Cannabidiol is of particular interest to the research community because of its broad therapeutic properties. Let's look at the case of high blood pressure:
- In a study published in 2017, involving 9 men, CBD significantly reduced blood pressure. (JADOON et al.)
- In another study from the University of Nottingham and Oxford University, researchers found that people who took CBD had lower blood pressure before and after a stressful episode. They concluded that CBD reduces resting blood pressure, reduces the increase in blood pressure during stress, and reduces heart rate in humans.